Ian Salter

Chemical Oceanographer, Ph.D.


Nóatún 1, P.O. Box 3051, FO-110 Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
+298 35 39 00
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Ian started at Faroe Marine Research Institute in 2016.





Research projects:





Period: 2020-2024

Funding: Horizon2020

Participant from FAMRI: Ian Salter


Purpose: JERICO-S3 will provide a state-of-the-art, fit-for-purpose and visionary observational Research Infrastructure (RI), expertise and high-quality data on European coastal and shelf seas. The project will support world-class research, high-impact innovation and a window of European excellence worldwide. It will be structured regionally around 4 Pilot Super Sites (PSS) and 5 Integrated Regional Sites (IRS)

Environmental DNA monitoring for describing stock fluctuations of commercial demersal fish in Faroese waters


Period: 2020-2022

Funding: Fiskivinnuroyndir

Participant from FAMRI: Ian Salter


Purpose: The project represents an ongoing effort to develop the application of environmental DNA monitoring for commercially important fish species in Faroese waters. It builds on the results of two previously funded projects funded by fiskivinniroyndir: Cod-e-DNA and Bank-e-DNA that have shown quantitative eDNA monitoring can describe biomass dynamics of commercially important fish stocks. The project aims to consolidate the existing time-series over a 3 year period to build a 5-year time series of eDNA measurements on the Faroe Bank. Additionally it will aim to use the existing catalogue of samples, in addition to those collected as part of the future monitoring effort, to apply next generation sequencing approaches to study the entire community of marine fish on the Faroe Bank in order to see if stock patterns can be linked to ecosystem dynamics.

Nýtsla av umhvørvis-DNA í kanning av broytingum í toska-, hýsu- og upsanøgd á Føroyabanka


Period: 2019-2020

Funding: Fiskivinnuroyndir

Participant from FAMRI: Ian Salter


Purpose: eDNA er DNA, ið allar livandi verur lata út í umhvørvið. Frammanundan hevur eydnast at ávísa eDNA frá toski í sjónum og eisini er eydnast at ávísa eitt samband millum nøgdir av eDNA í sjónum og nøgdir av toski í nærumhvørvinum. Í hesari verkætlanini verður kannað, um tað eisini ber til at ávísa eDNA frá hýsu og upsa á Føroyabanka. Eisini verður kannað, um samband er millum nøgdirnar av eDNA í sjónum og nøgdirnar av hesum báðum fiskasløgunum í nærumhvørvinum. Um eitt slíkt samband kann ávísast, verður kannað, um til ber at nýta eDNA í sjónum til at ávísa broytingar í nøgdunum av toski, hýsu og upsa frá tíð til aðra á Bankanum.

Nýtsla av umhvørvis-DNA í kanningum av vistskipanum í havinumum (FAMEOS)


Period: 2018-2020

Funding: Granskingarráðið og Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Frankaríki

Participant from FAMRI: Ian Salter


Purpose: Endamálið er at leggja grundarlag fyri kanningum av lívfrøðiliga margfeldinum og vistskipanini á Landgrunninum við at nýta eDNA arbeiðsháttin.






49. Von Appen, W.J., Waite, A.M., Bergmann, M., Bienhold, C., Boebel, O., Bracher, A., Cisewski, B., Hagemann, J., Hoppema, M., Iversen, M.H., Konrad, C., Krumpen, T., Lochthofen, N., Metfies, K., Niehoff, B., Noethig, E.M., Purser, A., Salter, I., Schaber, M., Scholz., Soltwedel, T., Torres-Valdes, S., Wekerle, C., Wenzhoefer, F., Wietz, M., Boetius, A. 2021.

Sea-ice derived meltwater stratification slows the biological carbon pump, results from continuous observations. Nature Communications 12, 7309 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-26943-z

48. Weitz, M., Bienhold, C., Metfies, K., Torres-Valdés, S., von Appen, W.J., Salter, I., Boetius, A. 2021.

The Polar night shift: seasonal dynamics and drivers of Arctic Ocean microbiomes revealed by autonomous sampling. ISME Communications 1, 76 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43705-021-00074-4

47. Fadeev, E., Rogge, A., Ramondenc, S., Noethig, E.M., Wekerle, C., Bienhold, C., Salter, I., Waite, A.M., Hehemann, L., Boetius, A., Iversen, M.H. 2021.

Sea ice presence is linked to higher carbon export and vertical microbial connectivity in the Eurasion Arctic Ocean. Nature Communications Biology, 4, 1255. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02776-w

46. Tuerena, R. E., Hopkins, J., Buchanan, P. J., Ganeshram, R. S., Norman, L., von Appen, W. J., Tagliabue, A., Doncila, A., Graeve, M., Ludwichowski, K. U., Dodd, P. A., De le Vega, C., Salter, I., Mahaffey, C. 2021.

An Arctic strait of two halves: The changing dynamics of nutrient uptake and limitation across the Fram Strait. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 35 e2021GB006961. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GB006961

45. Fadeev, E., Cardozo-Mino, M.G., Rapp, J.Z., Bienhold, C., Salter, I., Salman-Carvalho, V., Molari, M., Tegetmeyer, H.E., Buttigieg, P.L., Boetius, A. 2020.

Comparison of Two 16S rRNA Primers (V3-V4 and V4-V5) for Studies of Arctic Microbial Communities. Frontiers in Microbiology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.637526

44. Nöthig, E.M., Lalande, C., Fahl, K., Metfies, M., Salter, I., Bauerfeind, E. 2020.

Annual cycle of downward particle fluxes on each side of the Gakkel Ridge in the central Arctic Ocean. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0368

43. Daniel, A., Laës-Huon, A., Barus, C., Beaton, A. D., Blandfort, D., Nathalie, G., Knockaert, M., Muraron, D., Salter, I., Woodward, E. M. S., Greenwood, N., Achterberg, E. P. 2020.

Toward a Harmonization for Using in situ Nutrient Sensors in the Marine Environment. Frontiers in Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00773

42. Engel, A., Bracher, A., Dinter, T., Endres, S., Grosse, J., Metfies, K., Peeken, I., Piontek, I., Salter, I., and Nöthig, E. M. 2019.

Inter-Annual Variability of Organic Carbon Concentration in the Eastern Fram Strait During Summer (2009–2017). Frontiers in Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00187

41. Mikan, M. P., Harvey, R., Timmins-Schiffman, E., Riffle, M., May, D. H., Salter, I., Noble, W. S., Nunn, B. L. 2019.

Metaproteomics reveal that rapid perturbations in organic matter prioritize functional restructuring over taxonomy in western Arctic Ocean microbiomes. The ISME journal 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-019-0503-z

40. Salter, I., Joensen, M., Kristiansen, R., Steingrund, P., Vestergaard, P. 2019.

Environmental DNA concentrations are correlated with regional biomass of Atlantic cod in oceanic waters. Nature Communications Biology. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0696-8

39. Rembauville, M., Blain, S., Manno, Cl., Tarling, G., Thompson, A., Wolff, G., Salter, I. 2018.

The role of diatom resting spores in pelagic-benthic coupling in the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences, Vol 15, No 10. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-3071-2018

38. Rembauville, M., Salter, I., Dehairs, F., Miquel, J-C., Blain, S. 2018.

Annual particulate matter and diatom export in a high nutrient, low chlorophyll area of the Southern Ocean. Polar Biology, Vol 41, No 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-017-2167-3

37. Rogge, A., Flintrop, C. M., Iversen, M. H., Salter, I., Fong, A. A., Vogts, A., Waite, A. M. 2018.

Hard and soft plastic resin embedding for single-cell element uptake investigations of marine-snow-associated microorganisms using nano-scale secondary ion mass spectrometry. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods. Vol 16, No 8. https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10261

36. Salter, I. 2018.

Seasonal variability in the persistence of dissolved environmental DNA (eDNA) in a marine system: The role of microbial nutrient limitation. PLOS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192409

35. Salter, I., Bienhold, C, Metfies, K., Bienhold, C., Wekerle, C., Wolff, C.

Next generation sequencing of preserved sediment trap samples: An approach to link plankton biodiversity, climate variability and marine ecosystem services in the Arctic. Frontiers in Marine Science. Submitted

34. Wekerle, C., Krumpen, T., Dinter, T., von Appen, W. J., Iversen, M. H., Salter, I. 2018.

Properties of sediment trap catchment areas in Fram Strait: Results from lagrangian modeling and remote sensing. Frontiers in Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00407

33. Fadeev, E*., Salter, I., Schourup-Kristensen, V., Nöthig, E. M., Metfies, K., Engel, A., Piontek, J., Boetius, A., Bienhold, C. 2018.

Microbial Communities in the East and West Fram Strait During Sea Ice Melting Season. Frontiers in Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00429

32. Rogge, A*., Flintrop, M. C., Iversen, M. H., Salter, I., Fong, A. A., Vogts, A., Waite, A. M. 2018.

Hard and soft plastic resin embedding for single-cell element uptake investigations of marine-snow-associated microorganisms using nano-scale secondary ion mass spectrometry. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods (2018). https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10261

31. Salter, I. 2018.

Seasonal persistence of dissolved environmental DNA (eDNA) in a marine system: The role of microbial nutrient limitation. PLoSONE (2018). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192409

30. *M.Rembauville, S. Blain, C. Manno, G. Tarling, A. Thompson, G. A. Wolff, Salter, I. 2017.

The role of diatom resting spores for pelagic-benthic coupling in the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences Discussions: (2017). https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-414

29. H. Hátún, J. Ólafsson, K. Azetsu-Scott, R. Somavilla, F. Rey, C. Johnson, M. Mathis, U. Mikolajewicz, P. Coupel, J-É. Tremblay, S. Hartman, S. V. Pacariz and I. Salter, 2017.

The Subpolar gyre regulates silicate concentrations in the North Atlantic. Nature Scientific Reports 7, Article number 14576. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14837-4

28. Schiebel, R., Spielhagen R. F., Garnier, J., Hagemann, J., Howa, H., Jentzen, A., Martinez-García, A., Meilland, J., Michel E., Repschläger, J., Salter, I., Yamasaki, M., Haug, G. 2017.

Modern planktic foraminifers in the high-latitude ocean. Marine Micropaleontology: 136, 1-13 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2017.08.004

27. *Rembauville, M., Salter, I., Dehairs, F., Micquel, J-C., Blain, S. 2017.

Annual particulate matter and diatom export in a high nutrient low chlorophyll regime upstream of the Kerguelen Plateau. Polar Biology: (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-017-2167-3

26. Constable A., et al. (incl. Salter, I) 2016.

Developing priority variables (“ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables” – eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems: 161, 26-41 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.05.003

25. *Rembauville, M., Manno, C., Tarling, G. A., Blain, S., Salter, I. 2016.

Strong contribution of diatom resting spores to deep sea carbon export fluxes in the naturally iron-fertilized waters downstream of South Georgia. Deep-Sea Research Part I: 115, 22-35 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.05.002

24. *Rembauville, M., Blain S., Capparos J., Salter, I. 2016.

Particulate matter stoichiometry driven by microplankton community structure in summer in the Indian Sector of the Southern ocean. Limnology and Oceanography: 61(4), 1301-1321 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.10291

23. *Rembauville, M., Meilland J., Ziveri, P., Schiebel R., Blain, S., Salter, I.

Planktonic foraminifer and coccolith contribution to carbonate export fluxes over the central Kerguelen Plateau. Deep Sea Research Part I: 111, 91-101 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.017

22. Galand, P., Salter, I., Kalenitchenko, D. 2015.

Ecosystem productivity is associated to bacterial phylogenetic distance in surface marine waters. Molecular Ecology: 24(23), 5785-5795 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13347

21. Kopf, A. et al. (incl. Salter, I) 2015.

The ocean sampling day consortium. Gigascience Commentary: 4(1), 27 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13742-015-0066-5

20. *Rembauville, M., Blain, S., Armand, L., Quéguiner, B., Salter, I. 2015.

Export fluxes in a naturally iron-fertilized area of the Southern Ocean – Part 2: Importance of diatom resting spores and faecal pellets for export. Biogeosciences: 12, 3171-3195 (2015). https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3171-2015

19. *Rembauville, M., Salter, I., Leblond N., Gueneugues A., Blain, S. 2015.

Export fluxes in a naturally iron-fertilized area of the Southern Ocean – Part 1: Seasonal dynamics of particulate organic carbon export from a moored sediment trap. Biogeosciences: 12, 3153-3170 (2015). https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3153-2015

18. Salter, I., Galand, P., Fagervold, S., Lebaron, P., Obernosterer, I., Oliver, M., Suzuki, M., Tricoire, C. 2015.

Seasonal dynamics of active SAR11 ecotypes in the oligotrophic Northwest Mediterranean Sea. The ISME Journal: 9(2) 347-360 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2014.129

17. Salter, I., Schiebel, R., Movellan, A., Lampitt, R. S., Wolff, G. A. 2014.

Carbonate counter pump stimulated by natural iron fertilization in the Polar Frontal Zone. Nature Geoscience: 7(12), 885-889 (2014). https://doi.org/doi:10.1038/ngeo2285

16. Hugoni, M., Taib, N., Debroas, D., Domaizon, I., Jouan Dufournel, I., Bronner, G., Salter, I., Agogué, H., Mary, I., Galand, P. 2013.

Structure of the rare archaeal biosphere and seasonal dynamics of active ecotypes in surface coastal waters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: 110(15) 6004-6009 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216863110

15. Salter, I., Kemp, A. E. S., Moore, C. M., Lampitt R., Wolff, G. A., Holtvoeth, J. 2012.

Production of giant marine diatoms and their export at oceanic frontal zones: Implications for Si and C flux from stratified oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles: 20(4), GB4S04 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GB002698

14. Hernandez-Sanchez, M., Planquette, H., Mills, R., Pancost, R., Hepburn, L., Salter, I., Smith, T. 2011.

Quantifying export production in the Southern Ocean: implications for the Baxs proxy. Paleoceanography: 26 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1029/2010PA002111

13. Salter, I., Bottjer, D., Christaki, U., Catala, P. 2011.

Estimating the effect of inorganic particle concentration on virus-bacteria-flagellate dynamics. Environmental Microbiology: 13(10), 2768-2777 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02547.x

12. Wolff, G., Billet, D., Holtvoeth, J., Bett, B., Fitzgeorge-Balfour, T., Fisher, E., Cross, I., Salter, I., Boorman, B., Hughes, J., King, N., Jamieson, A., Bagley, P., Challain, F. 2011.

Natural iron fertilisation and the impact of enhanced carbon export on deep-sea ecosystems. PLoSONE: 6(6), e20697 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020697

11. Salter, I., Lampitt R., Kemp, A., Gledhill M. 2010.

The association between biogenic and inorganic minerals and the amino acid composition of settling particles. Limnology and Oceanography: 55(5), 2207-2218 (2010). https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2010.55.5.2207

10. Lampitt, R., Salter I., de Cuevas, B. A., Hartman, S., Larkin, K. E., Pebody, C. 2010.

Long-term variability of downward particle flux in the deep Northeast Atlantic: causes and trends. Deep-Sea Research Part II: 57(15) 1346-1361 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.01.011

9. Salter, I., Zubkov, M. V., Warwick, P., Burkill, P. 2009.

Marine bacteria can increase the rate of evaporation and gas transfer by metabolising insoluble surfactants from the air-water interface. FEMS Microbiology Letters: 294(2), 225-231 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2009.01572.x

8. Lampitt, R., Salter I., Johns, D. 2009.

Radiolarian as major exporters of organic carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles: 23, GB1010 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GB003221

7. Pollard, R., Salter I., Richard J. Sanders, R., et al. 2009.

Natural Iron fertilisation enhances deep-water carbon flux in Southern Ocean. Nature: 457, 577-580 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07716

6. Lampitt, R., Boorman, B., Brown, L., Lucas, M., Salter, I., Sanders, R., Saw, K., Seeyave, S., Thomalla, S., Turnewitsch, R. 2008.

Particle export from the euphotic zone: Estimates using a novel drifting sediment trap, 234Th and new Production. Deep-Sea Research Part I: 55(11), 1484-1502 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2008.07.002

5. Salter, I., Lampitt, R., Sanders, R., Poulton, A., Kemp, A., Boorman, B., Saw, K., Pearce, R. 2007.

Estimating carbon, silica, and diatom export from a naturally fertilised phytoplankton bloom in the Southern Ocean using PELAGRA: A novel drifting sediment trap. Deep-Sea Research Part II: 54(18-20), 2233-2259 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.008

4. Marsh, R., Mills, R., Salter, I., Green, D., Taylor, S. 2007.

Controls on sediment geochemistry in the Crozet Region. Deep-Sea Research Part II: 54(18-20), 2260-2274 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.004

3. Planquette, H., Statham, P., Fones, G., Charette, M., Moore, M., Salter, I., Nedelec, F., Taylor, S., French, M., Baker, A., Mahowald, N., Jickells, T. 2007.

Dissolved iron in the vicinity of the Crozet Plateau. Deep-Sea Research Part II: 54(18-20), 1999-2019 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.019

2. Charette, M., Gonneea, M., Morris, P., Statham, P., Fones, G., Planquette, H., Salter, I., Garabato, A. 2007.

Radium isotopes as tracers of iron sources fuelling a Southern Ocean phytoplankton bloom. Deep-Sea Research Part II: 54(18-20) 1989-1998 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.003

1. Kemp, A., Pearce, R., Grigorov, I., Rance, J., Lange, C., Quilty, P., Salter, I. 2006.

Production of giant marine diatoms and their export at oceanic frontal zones: Implications for Si and C flux from stratified oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles: 20(4), GB4S04 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GB002698